The Federation $5 banknote features Sir Henry Parkes, a prominent politician often referred to as the ‘Father of Federation’; and Catherine Helen Spence, who led the way for women's rights in Australia. It was issued in 2001 to commemorate Australia's Centenary of Federation.
Australia's first decimal banknote was the $1 paper banknote issued in 1966. It features Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II and representations of Aboriginal art based on the work of David Malangi and others. It was replaced by a $1 coin in 1984.
The $2 paper banknote features John Macarthur, who helped to establish the Australian wool industry, and William James Farrer, who worked to improve the quality of wheat grown in Australia. It was first issued in 1966 and replaced by a $2 coin in 1988.
The $5 paper banknote was first issued in 1967 and features Sir Joseph Banks and Caroline Chisholm. Banks was a naturalist and sailed with Captain James Cook to Botany Bay in 1770. Chisholm worked to improve conditions for immigrants; finding work and shelter for girls and facilitating passage to Australia for families.
The $10 paper banknote features Francis Greenway and Henry Lawson. It was first issued in 1966. Greenway was an architect whose work can be seen around Sydney. Lawson was a well-known Australian poet whose iconic work captured the mateship and hardship of the goldfields and outback sheep country.
The $20 paper banknote features Sir Charles Kingsford Smith and Lawrence Hargrave. It was first issued in 1966. Kingsford Smith broke the record for time taken to fly from Sydney to London - 12 days and 18 hours. Hargrave studied human flight and experimented with models, kites and engines.
The $50 paper banknote features Lord Howard Walter Florey, who shared the 1945 Nobel Prize for physiology and medicine for the discovery of penicillin; and Sir Ian Clunies Ross, a veterinary scientist who became chairman of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation. It was first issued in 1973.