Law Enforcement

Counterfeiting of currency by organised crime groups or individuals has the potential to undermine public confidence in the currency and impact heavily on governments, business and individuals alike. Notwithstanding the low level of counterfeiting activity in Australia, the Reserve Bank of Australia takes all counterfeiting incidents seriously.

Law enforcement agencies play a vital role in the fight against counterfeiting. The Reserve Bank works closely with law enforcement to ensure that you have the tools, training, and support to combat counterfeiting and to prosecute offenders. The Reserve Bank and the Australian Federal Police (AFP) have entered into a working agreement for the handling and administration of counterfeit banknotes. All currency-related matters are coordinated and administered from a central location by the AFP with administrative support provided by the Reserve Bank.

The Reserve Bank assists the AFP and other law enforcement agencies by:

  • monitoring counterfeiting trends
  • maintaining a dedicated counterfeit examination laboratory
  • educating the public and domestic law enforcement agencies about how to identify counterfeits and what actions should be taken when counterfeits are identified.

See information on various counterfeit-related topics:

Counterfeit Detection

Australia's banknotes include a number of security features. Always check a range of features, and don't rely on just one or two.

What to do with suspect banknotes

Guidelines exist for how police should deal with suspect banknotes.

Services we provide

Expert witness statements, media release preparation, counterfeit detection brochures, presentations to staff and training workshops are some of the services offered to the police by the Reserve Bank.


The Crimes (Currency) Act 1981 makes provisions with respect to offences connected with the counterfeiting of money.


Find out the answers to some frequently asked questions.


Reserve Bank of Australia

For general information on genuine and counterfeit banknotes, or if you have any questions on banknote-related education and training:

Phone: 02 9551 9830 (8.30 am to 5.00 pm Monday to Friday)

Australian Federal Police

To request an expert witness statement, or for help and advice on prosecution matters relating to counterfeit currency, contact information can be found here:

To send counterfeits for examination or condemnation:

Australian Federal Police,
Locked Bag 4817,

If you have any comments on this website and the resources provided, or you would like to suggest additional comment or features that would be useful for police, please contact us.